Departure of the Grand Army from Vellore.
Departure of Major Lachlan Macquarie from Bombay on board
the cruiser Viper to take up his duties on the General Staff of
Lieutenant-General James Stuart's Bombay Army.
Arrival of Major Macquarie in Cannanore.
Junction of the Madras Army with the Hyderabad Army and the
British Subsidiary Force near Amboor to form the Grand Army.
Departure of the Bombay Army from Cannanore.
Bombay Army reaches the top of the Poodicherrum Ghaut and
establishes camp and a 'park of artillery'.
Arrival of the main contingent of the Bombay Army at Seedapore
(Siddapura) in Coorg (Kodagu).
Lt. Col. Montresor establishes camp at Sedaseer (Siddeswara) on
the frontier of Mysore (overlooking Periapatam). Arrival of the Grand
Army near Rayacota in Baramahal.
Arrival of Tipu Sultan (with a force of 12,000 men) at
Battle of Sedaseer - Tipu defeated with heavy losses. Mysorean
casualties total approximately two thousand killed, wounded and missing;
British losses were one hundred and forty three (143) killed, wounded
Arrival of the Grand Army at Kilamangalam - nine miles from
Hosur - after the seizure of two small fortified hills at Uddanahalli
Departure of the Grand Army from Kilamangalam.
Departure of Tipu from his encampment near Periapatam to
Arrival of the Grand Army near Bangalore.
Grand Army moves westward from Bangalore towards Talgautporam,
then, abruptly, turns south towards Cancanhilly (Kaunkanhully).
Arrival of Grand Army at Cancanhilly after slow marching
progress averaging approximately five and half miles per day.
Arrival of Grand Army at the Madoor (Madur) river and
encampment established on the eastern bank.
Grand Army crosses the Madoor river.
Grand Army encamps five miles east of Malavelli (Mallavelly).
Battle of Mallavelli - Tipu defeated. Mysorean casualties total
approximately one thousand dead and wounded; British losses total
approximately seventy (70) killed, wounded and missing.
Grand Army begins crossing the Cauvery (Kaveri) river at
Grand Army halts to regroup.
Grand Army marches westward along the Cauvery towards
Departure of General Floyd with four regiments of cavalry and the Left
Wing of Infantry towards Periapatam to combine with the Bombay Army and
to provide a safe escort on the march towards Serinapapatam.
Grand Army takes up position facing the western side of the fort
of Seringapatam. In the evening Colonel Shawe attacks Tipu's forces near
the aqueduct that runs parallel to the watercourse known as the Little
Cauvery and the southern arm of the Cauvery River. At the same time,
Colonel Wellesley attempts to clear a grove of trees, known as the
Sultanpettah Tope, on the right of the British camp. Both British forces
encounter stiff resistance. Shawe seizes a ruined village but could not
proceed any further; Wellesley's force becomes disorientated in the dark
and loses a number of men in the confusion of battle - forced to
Colonel Shawe and Colonel Wellesley return to the scene of their
failures the previous night and secured the ground - the ruined village
becomes a new British advanced position known as 'Shawe's Post.'
Junction of Bombay Army with General Floyd's support force at
Bombay Army encamps at Campoolpooram.
Bombay Army encamps at Cattymalwarry.
Bombay Army encamps at Billoolly.
Arrival of the combined Bombay/Grand Army force at Seringapatam
- takes up position at the rear of the Grand Army.
Bombay Army crosses the Cauvery and encamps on the northern
bank of the river - near the ruins of the Eadgah Redoubt (adjacent to
the village Agrar) which had significantly impeded General Medows' force
in the siege of Seringapatam in February 1792.
Attack launched at sunset (under the command of Colonel Hart
and Lieut. Col. Montresor) against the village of Agrar. The force
consists of troops from the 74th, 75th King's regiments, and several
Battalions of Native Infantry from the Bombay and Grand armies. Seizure
of the village and establishment of an artillery battery positioned to
enfilade the north-west angle of the fort. Re-named 'Hart's Post.' The
battery accommodates six (6) 18 pounder cannons and two (2) 8 inch
Death of Captain Toriano (Artillery) and Lieutenant McReddie
(Artillery) at the Bombay Army's advanced artillery post near the
Night attack on the Bombay Army. General Floyd sent eastward
towards the pass at Coveraporam with five regiments of the cavalry and
the Left Wing of the army to hasten the supply convoys from Baramahal.
Critical food shortages have been detected in the amount of provisions
available to the British forces. A prolonged siege campaign will create
a genuine risk that a forced retreat might be necessary - as had
happened in 1791.
Tipu's troops driven from their posts at the Powder Mills (near
the southern arm of the Cauvery). Heavy Mysorean casualties, with at
least 250 killed and wounded.
2 am. Mir Ghulam Hussein and Mohammed Halim lead a vigorous
night attack upon the advanced post of the Bombay Army. Heavy Mysorean
casualties (600-700), including the death of at least eight (8) French
troops. The Grand Army enfilading battery of six 18 pounder cannons
located near the Powder Mills commence bombarment of the fortress walls.
Heavy downpour of rain signals the seriousness of the threat
posed to military campaigning by an early monsoon season. Destruction by
cannonfire of the Cavalier Flagstaff located between the Mysore Gate
(southern side of the fort) and the Bangalore Gate (eastern side). The
Cavalier Flagstaff provides the highest vantage point within the fort
for the defenders to observe the British positions, while for the
British gunners it provides an obvious target on the Seringapatam
6 pm. Grand Army troops seize control of the Mysorean trench
works near the Powder Mills. Heavy Mysorean retaliatory bombardment of
cannon, rocket and musketfire (from within the fort) until 9 pm.
Mysorean counterattack upon Grand Army positions seized the
previous evening - heavy casualties on both sides. Also an early morning
attack on the rear lines of the Bombay Army, troops forced to 'lay on
their arms' until dawn.
Heavy bombardment by both British and Mysorean batteries from
dawn to noon and from 4 pm to 8 pm.
Limited artillery fire throughout the day; Bombay Army troops
positioned at the advanced posts subject to constant sniper fire from
Mysorean troops located along the riverbank.
Continuous artillery fire maintained by the British upon the
western curtain wall of the fort.
Additional British battery positions set up - increasing the
scale and rate of artillery fire against the fort. Most Mysorean cannons
on the western perimeter 'silenced' or eliminated.
Major bombardment launched against the fortress, involving
twenty-nine (29) cannons and six (6) howitzers. A magazine of rockets
explodes inside the fort during the course of the cannonade.
Major breach reported in the western wall of the fort.
Preparations begun for an assault across the Cauvery River the following
day. Food shortages continue to endanger the success of the British
campaign and an attack is essential at this point in time to avoid the
dual threat of famine in the ranks and the onset of the monsoon season.
(If the water height of the river rises a successful attack across the
Cauvery will be impossible).
1 pm. Assault on the breach of Seringapatam commenced. Attack led
by Major-General David Baird (former prisoner of Tipu during the Second
Anglo-Mysore War). Assault troops are divided into two (2) parties with
instructions to cross the river and enter the breach together and turn,
the one to the left and the other to the right, upon mounting the
rampart. Total number (excluding staff officers): 2862 European troops;
2003 sepoy troops.
Death of Tipu in heavy fighting near an inner gateway located along the
inside line of the northern perimeter wall (leading towards the Palace).
Known as the 'Hoally Gateway' - the structure and associated inner walls
were dismantled c.1803. Night of uncontrolled looting and destruction
within the fortress and town.
4 pm. Burial of Tipu at the Gumbaz mausoleum - at the eastern
extremity of the island of Seringapatam - with full military honours.
His body was carried on a bier, accompanied by four (4) companies of
European grenadiers, Tipu's son, Abdul Khaliq, (as chief mourner)
leading Mysorean officials, as well as a large number of the remaining
populace of Seringapatam. Severe thunderstorm at the time of Tipu's
burial - two officers of the Bombay army reported as killed by lightning: Lieuts.
Barclay and Grant.
Departure of the Bombay Army from Seringapatam for the Malabar Coast.
Arrival of Lieutenant-General Stuart and his staff (including
Major Lachlan Macquarie) in Cannanore.
Departure of Lieutenant-General Stuart for Madras on board H.M
ship Suffolk - Major Macquarie secures passage on the same vessel.
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